Based on scientific evidence, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions contribute to global warming, largely caused by the combustion of fossil fuels to provide energy. This affects the climate globally and we must address it as a material issue.

As part of the global industrial community, we are engaged in selecting and implementing energy-efficient solutions. The most important energy sources to us are natural gas, electricity and the thermal processing of our waste products (steam production, combined heat and power).

Energy efficiency

Energy consumed for manufacturing processes is by far the largest contributor to our climate-relevant emissions. We therefore concentrate on energy-efficiency measures at all our manufacturing sites as part of our continuous improvement effort, and plan to increase the share of renewable electricity. The energy intensity (GJ/revenue) has steadily been decreasing.

Carbon emissions overview

CO2 equivalents (CO2-eq) are calculated from the consumption of the energy sources multiplied by published emission factors. Process-specific emission factors are applied where known. Chemical processes and reactions may also generate GHG-emissions, (e.g. fugitive CO2 or N2O), which are tracked and reported by our sites. CO2-eq include the greenhouse gases CO2, methane, nitrous oxide, and a number of halogenated hydrocarbon compounds. CO2-eq emissions from incineration processes include fossil fired boiler houses as well as waste incineration plants (using waste solids, liquids and gases as fuel). The carbon intensity (CO2-eq/revenue) has been steadily decreasing across the years.

Energy consumption by source

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Energy consumption intensity

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Greenhouse gas emissions intensity

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Greenhouse gas emission intensity from routine processes.